Information for Physicians

Echocardiography

The heart is evaluated with duplex/color. The scan evaluates the overall function of the heart, wall thickness, chamber sizes, all four valves, murmurs, and can rule out Pulmonary Effusion.

Carotid Doppler (Duplex)

The carotid arteries are evaluated using duplex / color ultrasound. Disease in the internal carotid artery is reported in percent stenosis.

Indications:

Arterial-Upper and Lower extremity

The arterial system of the lower extremities is evaluated by duplex/color scanning to determine the presence and severity of flow reducing lesions. An ankle-brachial index is taken to provide the overall level of ischemia. The degree of ischemia is reported as normal, mild, moderate, or severe. In the upper extremities a pressure drop from side to side can be identified as well as occlusions or flow reducing lesions.

Indications:

Venous- Upper and Lower extremity

The deep and superficial veins are evaluated using duplex/color ultrasound to determine the presence or absence of thrombus and valvular incompetence. The presence of deep vein thrombosis is reported as acute, chronic or age-indeterminate. Valves are reported as being incompetent.

Indications:

Abdominal Vascular

Renal

Duplex/color ultrasound is utilized to evaluate the renal arteries for the presence of significant stenosis. An abnormal renal artery scan would be reported as having greater than 60 percent stenosis.

Indications: Mesenteric

The celiac, superior mesenteric and inferior mesenteric arteries are evaluated using duplex/color ultrasound to determine the presence of significant stenosis. An abnormal scan is reported as sat least one of the above arteries having a greater than 70 percent stenosis.

Indications:

Abdominal Aorta

The abdominal aorta is scanned using duplex/color ultrasound to identify the presence and location (infrarenal) of an aneurysm. Any dilatation of the aorta above 3 cm would be reported as abnormal. The presence of flow reducing lesions can also be identified.